New Blog Series looking at “The Road To Missional” by Michael Frost

“I don’t know what you mean by ‘glory,’ ” Alice said.
Humpty Dumpty smiled contemptuously. “Of course you don’t—till I tell you. I meant ‘there’s a nice knock-down argument for you!’ ”
“But ‘glory’ doesn’t mean ‘a nice knock-down argument’,” Alice objected.
“When I use a word,” Humpty Dumpty said, in rather a scornful tone, “it means just what I choose it to mean—neither more nor less.”
“The question is,” said Alice, “whether you can make words mean so many different things.”
“The question is,” said Humpty Dumpty, “which is to be master that’s all.”

I don’t know if Australian missiologist and church leader Mike Frost has ever read Lewis Carroll’s “Through the Looking-Glass” but after reading his latest book ‘The Road To Missional” I couldn’t help but be reminded of this classic encounter about the meaning of words between Alice and Humpty Dumpty from its pages. I have just finished “The Road to Missional: and it seems pretty clear that Frost’s motivation to putting laser jet to paper is his frustration, dismay and even anger that there are some ecclesiastical Humpty Dumpties ( I do hope that name could become short hand for them) out there who are altering the meaning of words, and thus the concepts they express, in the current debate about the nature of church and mission. Specifically Mike is trying to reclaim the word “Missional” from the clutches of the “Dumpties” of the church and publishing world.

At the end of that little encounter between himself and Alice, Humpty asserts the right to be the master of the meaning of the words he uses. I hope he won’t be too upset if I say that in this book “The Road To Missional” Mike Frost is in a sense asserting his right to be a key player, if not the master, in the debate about just what is meant by the word “missional.” I first came across the “M” word about six years ago when I was doing doctoral research in the field of ecclesiology. Suffice to say back then it was a “geeky” word which whose use was mainly confined to academic circles in debates about the nature of, and relationship between, church and mission. How things have changed in the last 6 years or so! The missional word has now become ubiquitous in the evangelical world. My personalised “Amazon recommendations” flash up new books which include the word “missional” in their title or press release almost every day. There is no escaping the word these days. Missional is “hip” in the contemporary evangelical pulpit, book shelf and conference circuit but in danger of going the way of all things hip and falling out of fashion as last year’s fashion.

Over the period I have been reading seriously in this area of missiology and ecclesiology I have noticed a definite shift in how the “M” word is used. At the risk of over generalising what has been happening, I would say that there has been a shift in the meaning of the concept of Missional from substance to style. I would expand that further by saying that “missional” originally was rooted in the debate about what it means to be the church and its relationship to mission but now the meaning all too often has been reduced to what the church does and the style it does it in. In my view no one is better placed to help clarify what missional is all about than Mike Frost. A key event for me, and for many others, in my thinking about the church was reading “The Shaping of Things To Come” which Mike co-authored with fellow aussie subversive Alan Hirsch. After years of frustration, trying to find some new new strategy or programme that would enable the church I led to make an impact in my context in Post Christendom Europe I had an almost “damascus road” experience reading that book. Frost and Hirsch helped me to realise that the key problem was primarily theological rather than pragmatic. They argued that we had to rethink and reexpress the nature of the church not simply tweak its programme a bit. The “Shaping of Things To Come” was one of the catalysts for the contemporary debate about church and mission and Mike Frost has continued to be a key voice in that conversation. His writing, teaching and speaking and lets not forget his work helping to lead a missional community in Sydney has earned him the right to have his voice heard in the contemporary missional debate and this book is him taking the opportunity to do just that.

I think many people have now become a bit jaded when it comes to the word Missional. So much has been published and so many events organised around the theme there is the danger now that we subconsciously turn off and tune out whenever we see it or hear it, thinking we have heard it all before. That’s why its important to say that “The Road to Missional” is not just another cynical attempt by some author to jump on the latest christian publishing band wagon. It is instead an important contribution by a key figure on a vital debate, the debate about the meaning of what it means be “missional” and so well worth your hard earned pennies or that Christmas Amazon voucher you may receive next month.

This whole concept and debate about what it means to be missional is personally very important to me. For the last five years I have read seriously in this area and more importantly have tried to be part of a new community which seeks to embody what it means to be missional in our context. Our commitment to being missional has received a lot of implied and overt criticism from others in the church. We have received criticism for among other things for not being evangelistic enough, for not taking preaching seriously enough, for not growing quickly enough for “not making the main thing, the main thing” that is for not having a big emphasis on the Sunday service. Now I am the first to admit that any church community partly led by me will be less than perfect and some of this criticism must be valid but I am equally convinced that much of it is motivated by an ignorance of the concept of missionality (did I invent a new word there?) which underlies our practice iof being God’s people. Yet I have heard some of the voices which have criticised us for trying to be missional in our understanding now using the very same word to describe their activities as a church. It feels to me that the “M” word has been hijacked and watered down until just about any church now feels free to use it to describe some vague aspiration they have to reach out.

I personally think that Mike’s thoughts on being missional are so important that I want to take the time to read what he has to say and then spend some time thinking through the issues raised. To help me do that over the next couple of weeks I am going to blog my way through the book. It would help me in my thinking if some of you wanted to join in the discussion.

I want to end this first reflection on the “Road to Missional” by allowing Mike to in essence set the scene for why He has written the book with two quotes. One of which explains his current frustration over the use of the word and the second expressing why he is still committed to it and both of which express more eloquently and cogently my thoughts and feelings on the subject than I could myself.

My call and the call of many other missional thinkers and practitioners was not for a new way of doing church or a new technique for church growth. I thought I was calling the church to a revolution, to a whole new way of thinking and seeing and being followers of Jesus today. I now find myself in a place where I fear those robust and excited calls for a radical transformation of our ecclesiology have largely fallen on deaf ears” p16

“Missional leaders can’t see changing the church as central to their cause, they want to change the whole world. We have been swept up into a new awareness of the Missio Dei, the unstoppable programme of God’s unfurling Kingdom on earth and we can’t even conceive of how to control it, package or franchise it. One cannot be infected by this wonderful life giving virus and remain content with church business as usual” p 21 (AMEN! sorry couldn’t control myself)


When did you first hear the word “missional?”
What did you think it meant?
Do you think the word has changed in meaning in popular usage over the last couple of years?
Mike says that becoming “missional” will entail a revolution in how we understand what it means to be church and how we exist as church, do you see any evidence of that revolution happening in the community you belong to?
What does it mean to you to be infected by the “missional virus”


  1. David says:

    I haven’t read Michael’s book yet, but it is arriving in Christmas packaging under a tree in my lounge – Michael will be pleased that a man in a red suit won’t be delivering it.
    1. I first heard the word missional in the 1980’s. It was not an academic source, rather a church planting source. It was used by a demonination in the context of their church planting emphasis. They had a strong emphasis on reaching what we called back then the “unchurched”, plus the social and justice aspects of mission. They were calling their denomination to change focus outward and participate fully in holistic mission. I am pretty sure it was the Nazarene’s.
    2.Given it was the first time I had heard it, I assumed it meant the above.It fitted into the emphasis I had been taught when I became a Christ Follower in 1980. I have always lived in a non christian context among friends who don’t believe. I have never lived in a church soaked culture, so to speak, so it wasn’t ground breaking for me at the time.
    3. Everyone loves a buzzword.
    4. For where I am at in my understanding right now, I see being missional as telling hIs story, and living is lIfe in the context of my local community. Where I am located it does not seem to mean a change in ways we “do” some things as a local church like worship gatherings and small groups etc, it is more about who we are and how we live to best be Jesus in our immediate culture. I think it is findng the best way to partner with God in what he is already doing in my community, as in what he is doing in people’s lives outside the church gathering and for the church gathering to reflect it’s setting. I do get put off when people talk about it in the context of “doing” church things differently. I think that partly misses the point. It could be that in some contexts a very traditional way of “doing” worship etc would fit perfectly. Having said that it certainly does change some of the other things we do. No I don’t see a revolution yet, not in my own church plant or in others in my area. I think too highly of the word revolution to pretend that we are doing that here yet.
    5. I have to be perfectly honest and admit I have a small cold rather than a full blown virus. A recent prayer was that God would make me much sicker than I am.
    6. Oh you are Scottish – cool! I am Australian. I have led 3 church plants. One failed miserably, one in New Zealand is being led much better now that I am gone, and number three is underway – we’ll see.

  2. jamespetticrew says:

    Interesting David, I am actually a Nazarene pastor, don’t remember them using the M word until we came into the new century. Australia must have been ahead of the game. The accepted wisdom is that its a word which was coined by the Gospel & Our Culture Network at the end of the 90s building on the work of Newbiggin and Bosch etc.

    Totally agree missional is nothing to do with the style of our church or worship gathering. For me to be missional is to be orientated around and shaped by the Missio Dei. I am pretty sold on Frost & Hirsch idea of Christology (probably theology as I would want include the Trinity) — SHAPES —> Missiology — SHAPES —-> Ecclesiology.

    I think I am seeing a bit of revolution here among many in how they understand what it means to live as God’s people. I come across growing numbers of people who almost by intution have come to think of church, mission and the kingdom in “missional terms”

    Yes I am Scottish, so Scottish if I bleed, its tartan 🙂

    • David says:

      Great to meet you and read more about what you are doing. I originally followed a link from Michael’s facebook page, but I just took time to read some more of your blog. Love your Mosaic logo. We use a footprint with a cross in it to represent following Jesus. We call our ministry Journey.

      I thought some more after reading your reply, and I am 99% certain it was American Nazarene’s because I was consuming all the stuff I could on church planting at the time, and my wife’s Nazarene family passed on some of their stuff. They were church planters, and could very well have been a small part of a big pie. My background includes an emphasis on the reign of God and the mission of God, so I tend to pick up on things that fit that emphasis. Loved a talk by Michael in Brisbane recently on that very subject.

      In the end most of the things we think are our own, have been said many times before in different ways. I try to live in the humility of the saying, “we are not the first to be missional, it is just our turn”. I think it helps to place ourselves in the context of 2000 years of mission.

      I hope we do begin to see a revolution in my community. One thing I have noticed, and I’d like the chance to talk to Michael about it some time, is that I find it easier to have spiritual conversations now than I did in the 1980’s/90’s. Part of that could be that I am better at it now, but I have begun to wonder if it is evidence of a spiritual yearning in a culture that has rejected God for so long. I certainly pray that it is.

      I’ll let someone else have turn now.

      So you are Nazarene, I can’t seem to get away from you guys 🙂 Two good friends I made through my wife were in Europe for a while (John and Vicki Moore). They are here in Australia now working to bring a missional renewal to their tribe.

      • jamespetticrew says:

        Our logo is an adaptation of the Mosaic LA logo but we have a Celtic Cross in the centre rather than a Latin Cross. Don’t think I came across the Moores, but I don’t really have much contact outside UK Nazarenedom 🙂

  3. It’s great to have stumbled upon your blog… I really appreciate the ongoing dialogue you have as well. I too enjoy Frost and Hirsch as well other authors/speakers you’ve mentioned in a couple of your blogs.
    You and several who have commented are on my prayer list now. It’s great to see how you grapple with contextualizing what it truly means to not only say, “Yes” to Missio Dei but to actively participate in that endeavor. May His grace be sufficient and wisdom abound as He fills you with His strength.
    I am also a Nazarene pastor. Currently church planting in Pittsburgh, PA USA. After serving with the Naz church in Italy, Singapore and other states throughout the US, so it is great to read some really well articulated Wesleyan-Arminian discourse seasoned with the reality of being a part of a much larger fellowship known as the “family in and of the kingdom of God”.
    Grace and peace to you.

    • jamespetticrew says:

      Tim great to hear from you and glad you have found the blog helpful. Sorry I didn’t run across you in eurasia, praying for you too. Keep in touch

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